Guiding Documents

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In this area of the site we have tried to bring together documents – national and international – directly related to the area of media literacy, which can serve as a reference for some of the topics it covers.


Relevant milestones

Media and information literate citizens: think critically, click wisely! - UNESCO Digital Library

It includes a revised curriculum based on comprehensive modules aimed at developing skills and presenting pedagogical suggestions geared towards the needs of navigating today's communication and information ecosystem.

Artificial Intelligence: Media and Information Literacy, Human Rights and Freedom of Expression

The content of this publication explores the dynamic relationships between artificial intelligence, emerging technologies, media literacy, human rights and freedom of expression, playing with the concepts of passive media literacy (accessing and using media and information) and active media literacy and influence (creating, disseminating, analyzing, evaluating, interacting, influencing media and information, in full use of rights).

Seoul Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Everyone and by Everyone

On the occasion of the event commemorating the 10th anniversary of MIL Global Week, with around 1,000 registered participants, this Declaration "for all and by all" brings together and inscribes the key ideas on the urgency of strengthening citizens' media literacy skills, namely as a defense against disinfodemy.

Belgrade Recommendations on Draft Global Standards for Media and Information Literacy Curricula Guidelines

This document was launched on December 14, 2019 as part of UNESCO's 40th General Conference and contains a description of the media and information literacy curriculum guidelines for different levels of learning, which resulted from an extensive consultation process with experts, professionals, educators, government representatives, civil society partners, etc. from more than 100 countries.

Council of Europe

Relevant milestones

Lanzarote Convention

Report presented by the Lanzarote Committee of the Council of Europe on the exploitation of self-generated sexual images and videos by children. It covers monitoring in 43 states and suggests improvements to be made to national legal frameworks in terms of investigating, identifying and protecting victims of this specific form of child sexual exploitation.

Recommendation CM/Rec (2022) 4 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on promoting an environment conducive to quality journalism in the digital age

The Council of Europe adopted this Recommendation inviting its 46 member states to create a favorable environment for quality journalism in the digital age, capable of playing its essential role in building and maintaining democracies. The Recommendation contains a set of legal, administrative and practical guidelines aimed at ensuring sustainable media funding, building a climate of trust in journalism and promoting media literacy.

"Supporting quality journalism through Media and Information Literacy"

A study, prepared by the CoE's Committee of Experts on Quality Journalism in the Digital Age (MSI-JOQ), which analyzes the skills and knowledge in Media and Information Literacy considered fundamental for the public to recognize and value journalistic quality. It also provides an overview of relevant LM projects that are underway or in development.

Media Literacy for all: Supporting marginalized groups through community media

Report dedicated to identifying "Media Literacy for All" projects promoted with the dual aim of promoting the integration and social empowerment of marginalized communities and inspiring the formulation of appropriate ML public policies.

Recommendation CM/REC/(2018) of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on media pluralism and transparency of media ownership

Recommendation drawn up on the basis of the principles that media freedom and pluralism are necessary conditions for the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression guaranteed by Article 10 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and in the conviction that transparency of media ownership is essential for raising public and regulatory awareness of the editorial policies adopted.

Recommendation CM/REC/(2018) of the Committee of Ministers to Member States with guidelines to respect, protect and fulfill children's rights in the digital environment

Recommendation based on the conviction that children need special protection online and need to be educated on how to avoid danger and how to get the most out of using the Internet, i.e. children need to become digital citizens.

Regulatory Authorities for Electronic Media and Media Literacy - Comparative analysis of the best European practices"

"Electronic Media Regulatory Authorities and Media Literacy - A comparative analysis of European best practices" is a study published by the CoE aimed at identifying and analyzing best practices in promoting media literacy, with a special focus on the role of media regulatory authorities.

"Information disorder - towards an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making

"Information Disorder - Towards an Interdisciplinary Framework for Research and Policymaking" - a study that contains an analysis of different types of disinformation and misleading and potentially harmful messages. It also provides recommendations and suggestions for LM curricula for legislators, media companies, technology companies and civil society on how to educate the public to avoid engaging in and amplifying disinformation.

Relevant milestones


Other documents

Relevant milestones

Grünwald Declaration (1982)

A document that gave impetus to the study and regulation of media education at international level. It was unanimously approved by the representatives of nineteen countries present at the International Symposium on Media Education, organized in the German city of Grünwald in 1982. It is considered a reference document in the field, despite the major technological and communication changes that have taken place since then.

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